Rubella is a disease caused by a viral infection, which causes symptoms of a red rash on the skin. Although they both cause reddish inflammation on the skin, rubella is different from measles. Apart from being driven by another virus, the symptoms of rubella are milder than those of measles.
Rubella usually affects children and adolescents. Pregnant women with a gestational age of fewer than 5 months must be aware of this disease because rubella can potentially cause congenital rubella syndrome, affecting the baby after birth.
What is Rubella (German measles)?
Rubella is a contagious illness you get from the RuV virus. It causes a rash that usually starts on your face and moves down your body. It can cause serious illness in newborns of people who had rubella while pregnant.
Rubella is also called German measles or three-day measles. Even though it causes a rash like measles, rubella happens because of a different virus than measles.
Children who suffer from rubella generally experience milder symptoms than sufferers who are adults. The disease takes 14 to 21 days from infection to the onset of symptoms.
Symptoms of rubella include:
- Low fever.
- Sore throat.
- Runny nose.
- Pink eye.
- Joint pain.
- Generally feeling unwell (malaise).
- Swollen lymph nodes.
Causes of Rubella
The rubella virus can spread so quickly and usually through the respiratory tract. The process is when a person with rubella sneezes or coughs, then their saliva splashes are accidentally inhaled by people nearby, thus becoming a way of spreading rubella.
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How do I Manage Rubella Symptoms?
Most of the time, you can manage the symptoms of rubella at home with over-the-counter medicines, like acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol or under the brand names Tylenol® or Panadol®) or cough and cold medicines. Ask your healthcare provider about the best way to treat your symptoms. Check with your pediatrician before giving medications to your child for rubella.
How Can I Prevent Rubella?
The best way to prevent rubella is vaccination with the MMR vaccine. It’s about 97% effective at preventing rubella infection. That means that out of 100 fully vaccinated people, three or fewer will get rubella. Both children and adults can receive a rubella vaccination.
If you plan on becoming pregnant, you should get vaccinated or tested for rubella antibodies at least one month before trying to get pregnant.
Other ways to protect yourself against rubella include:
- Wash your hands frequently, especially if you’re sick.
- Don’t share personal items — like cups or utensils — with anyone else.
- Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing.
- If traveling, know if rubella or other infectious diseases are more common at your destination.
If you suffer any of the above symptoms, see a doctor immediately. PuriMedical is always ready to be your trusted healthcare option if you are visiting or currently in Bali, particularly the Kuta and Kerobokan areas. We offer the best emergency treatment, health consultation, and vaccination programs to keep you and your family safe.
If you are interested in our services, please contact us at +(62) 85 100 103 103 or [email protected]. Our staff of experienced and highly skilled doctors and specialists are available 24/7 to offer you the best health care possible.