Polio is a neurological disease that can cause permanent paralysis. Polio is caused by a highly contagious virus but can be prevented by immunization against polio.
Usually, polio sufferers do not experience polio symptoms because the polio virus causes few polio symptoms. After all, most sufferers are not aware that they have been infected with polio.
It is most common in children under 5 years old and is spread by contact with an infected person. Even though children are very prone to polio, it does not mean that adults are not at risk of being exposed to polio. Taking the right precautions is an effective measure to avoid exposure to the virus that causes polio.
Polio Symptoms are experienced differently by each sufferer. Even 95 to 99% of people with polio do not experience polio symptoms.
Polio Symptoms are divided into two types: symptoms of non-paralytic polio and paralytic polio.
Polio Symptoms Type Non-Paralytic
- Pain When Swallowing.
Polio Symptoms Type Paralytic
- Reflex loss.
- Severe muscle aches and cramps.
- Legs droop.
- Paralysis occurs suddenly.
- Abnormalities of the lower extremities.
Polio Causes and Risk Factors
You get polio from a virus. You have to come in direct contact with the virus to get it. This can be person-to-person contact, or through contact with an object that has the virus on it. When you have the virus, it lives in your throat and intestines.
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If you have polio, your doctor will focus on making sure that you’re comfortable and try to prevent any other health issues. Some treatments and tools for support include:
- Pain relievers (like ibuprofen)
- A ventilator (a device that helps you breathe)
- Physical therapy can help keep your muscles working
- Bed rest and fluids for flu-like symptoms
- Antispasmodic medications to relax muscles
- Antibiotics for urinary tract infections
- A heating pad for muscle aches and spasms
- Corrective braces
- Pulmonary rehabilitation to help with lung complications
- A mobility aid such as a cane, wheelchair, or electric scooter
How to Avoid Polio
Vaccination is the best method of polio prevention. Polio vaccine has been around since 1957 and is one of the most efficient preventive measures available. Vaccinations are given 3 times with a one-time booster. Children should receive vaccinations at the ages of 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months, and boosters between the ages of 4-6 years.
If you suffer any of the above symptoms, see a doctor immediately. PuriMedical is always ready to be your trusted healthcare option if you are visiting or currently in Bali, particularly the Kuta and Kerobokan areas. We offer the best emergency treatment, health consultation, and vaccination programs to keep you and your family safe.
If you are interested in our services, please contact us at +(62) 85 100 103 103 or [email protected]. Our staff of experienced and highly skilled doctors and specialists are available 24/7 to offer you the best health care possible.