Poliomyelitis symptoms

Poliomyelitis, commonly known as polio, is a highly infectious viral disease that primarily affects children under the age of five. The virus is known for attacking the nervous system, which can lead to paralysis in some cases. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and prevention of polio is crucial for safeguarding your health and the health of your loved ones. This article will delve into what polio is, the symptoms (both non-paralytic and paralytic), the causes, and the measures you can take to prevent it, including the importance of vaccination available at Puri Medical.

Poliomyelitis symptoms

What is Poliomyelitis?

Poliomyelitis or Polio is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. It spreads through person-to-person contact, and it can invade an infected person’s brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis. The disease was once widespread, but thanks to effective vaccination campaigns, polio cases have significantly decreased worldwide. Despite this progress, it is still present in some regions, making it vital to understand the disease and its symptoms.

Poliomyelitis Symptoms

Poliomyelitis symptoms can be categorized into two main types: non-paralytic and paralytic. Each type has distinct characteristics and impacts on the body.

Poliomyelitis Symptoms: Non-Paralytic

Non-paralytic polio, also known as abortive polio, does not lead to paralysis. The symptoms are similar to those of the flu and can include:

  • Fever: A sudden increase in body temperature is a common early sign of non-paralytic polio.
  • Sore Throat: Infected individuals often experience discomfort and pain in the throat.
  • Headache: Persistent headaches are a typical symptom.
  • Vomiting: Nausea and vomiting can occur, further complicating the patient’s condition.
  • Fatigue: Extreme tiredness and a general feeling of unwellness are also prevalent.
  • Stiffness in the Neck and Back: Muscle stiffness, particularly in the neck and back, is a key indicator.
  • Pain or Stiffness in the Limbs: Discomfort and stiffness in the arms and legs are common symptoms.

These symptoms usually resolve on their own within a week to ten days without causing long-term health issues. However, it’s essential to monitor and manage these symptoms to avoid complications.

Poliomyelitis Symptoms: Paralytic

Paralytic polio is a more severe form of the disease and can lead to permanent disability. This type of polio can be further categorized into spinal polio, bulbar polio, and bulbospinal polio, depending on the area of the body affected. The symptoms of paralytic polio include:

  • Loss of Reflexes: A significant sign of paralytic polio is the sudden loss of reflexes.
  • Severe Muscle Pain and Weakness: Intense pain and weakness in the muscles, often starting suddenly.
  • Loose and Floppy Limbs: This condition, known as acute flaccid paralysis, causes the limbs to become weak and limp.
  • Deformed Limbs: Over time, paralytic polio can lead to deformities in the legs, ankles, and feet.

Paralytic polio progresses rapidly, and it is critical to seek immediate medical attention if these symptoms appear.

Read more article Identify These Polio Symptoms for Early Prevention

Causes of Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis is caused by the poliovirus, which enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with the stool of an infected person. The virus can also spread through contaminated water and food. Once inside the body, it multiplies in the throat and intestines, from where it can enter the bloodstream and invade the nervous system.

Prevention of Poliomyelitis

Preventing polio is primarily achieved through vaccination. The polio vaccine is highly effective and safe. There are two types of vaccines:

  • Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV): As an injection, IPV provides immunity through four doses.
  • Oral Poliovirus Vaccine (OPV): Given orally, OPV is easy to administer and has been used extensively in global eradication efforts.

Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent polio. Children must receive their vaccinations according to the recommended schedule to ensure full immunity.

Poliomyelitis Vaccination at Puri Medical

Understanding poliomyelitis symptoms and taking preventive measures is crucial in the fight against this disease. While non-paralytic polio symptoms can be mild and resolve on their own, paralytic polio can have severe consequences. The most effective way to prevent polio is through vaccination. Puri Medical offers reliable and comprehensive vaccination services to protect you and your loved ones. Don’t wait until it’s too late—ensure you are vaccinated and contribute to the global effort to eradicate polio.

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