Adenomyosis symptoms do not have any symptoms. Some people with adenomyosis have no specific signs and symptoms or only mild discomfort.
However, adenomyosis symptoms can cause several things, such as bleeding during menstruation, heavy cramps, and others.
Adenomyosis symptoms are similar to uterine diseases, such as Lyons, endometrial polyps, or endometriosis.
Then how to overcome the symptoms of adenomyosis? And how to treat it?
What is Adenomyosis
Adenomyosis is a disorder that occurs in the female reproductive system. The tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterine wall (endometrial tissue) grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. This tissue continues to process usually, that is, it thickens, ruptures, and bleeds, as well as during each menstrual cycle. This condition causes the uterus to double or triple in size, abnormal uterine bleeding, and painful menstrual periods.
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Beware Adenomyosis Symptoms
Sometimes, adenomyosis causes no signs or symptoms or causes only mild discomfort. However, adenomyosis can cause the following symptoms:
- Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
- Severe abdominal cramps or pelvic pain like being stabbed with a knife during menstruation (dysmenorrhea).
- Chronic pelvic pain.
- Pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia).
- The uterus is enlarged. You may not be able to tell if your uterus is enlarged, but you may feel pain or pressure in your lower abdomen.
Causes of Adenomyosis
Until now, the cause of adenomyosis has not been determined. However, this condition is thought to be related to the following factors:
- 40 to 50 years old;
- Have had surgery on the uterus, such as curettage or cesarean section;
- Ever given birth;
- Suffering from obesity.
Most people with adenomyosis do not experience any symptoms. However, in some cases, adenomyosis can cause the following symptoms:
- Pelvic pain
- resulting in heavy and prolonged menstruation (menorrhagia)
- Abdominal pain and cramps during menstruation
- Pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
As a first step, the doctor will ask about symptoms and perform a physical examination on the patient. Physical examination is mainly done on the lower abdomen or pelvis to determine whether there is an enlargement of the uterus or whether there is a pain when the pelvis is pressed.
Please note that adenomyosis symptoms are similar to the symptoms of other uterine diseases, such as fibroids, endometrial polyps, or endometriosis. Therefore, the doctor will perform the following examinations to confirm the diagnosis:
- Pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound
This procedure aims to check for an enlarged uterus, changes in the shape of the uterine muscle, uterine cysts, or thickening of the endometrium.
- uterine MRI
This examination is done to see the condition of the uterus in more detail, especially in patients who experience abnormal bleeding.
- Endometrial biopsy
In some cases, the doctor will examine a sample of endometrial tissue to ensure that the patient is not suffering from a more severe condition.
It is not known how to prevent adenomyosis. However, this disease can avoid by controlling the risk factors. Here are some ways to prevent adenomyosis:
- Implement a healthy, nutritionally complete, and balanced diet
- Maintain ideal body weight
- Lose weight if you are obese
- Undergo regular health and gynecological check-ups
That’s an explanation of adenomyosis symptoms and when to see a doctor when experiencing it.
When to see a doctor
Check with your doctor if you experience unbearable menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea, mainly if it has occurred in 3 consecutive cycles and interferes with activities.
Also, consult a doctor if bleeding during menstruation is more common or if bleeding from the vagina appears after menopause.
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